Volume 19, Issue 1 (Spring 2018)                   Vol. , No. , Season & Year , Serial No. | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Taghizadeh S, Haghighat F, Piroozi S, Karimi A, Khanali Nejad D. The Survey and Comparison of Musculoskeletal Disorders of Shoulder, Arm and Hand in Taxi and Bus Drivers in the City of Shiraz in 2016. jrehab. 2018; 19 (1) :64-75
URL: http://rehabilitationj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-2169-en.html
1- Assistant professor Department of Physiotherapy, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
2- Department of Physiotherapy, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
3- PhD Department of Physiotherapy, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. , piroozis@sums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (850 Views)
Objective Musculoskeletal disorders are a wide range of symptoms including pain and disability that are related to workspace and devices. Repeated activity, adopting fixed and inappropriate postures for a long time and activities including powerful movements of extremities are factors associated with WRMSDs. It seems professional drivers suffer from shoulder and upper extremities symptoms because of repetitive and long working hours with steering wheel and gear. The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the shoulder, arm, and hand disability among bus and taxi drivers.
Materials & Methods This research was a cross-sectional, descriptive analytic study. In this study, the prevalence of upper limb musculoskeletal disorders in the urban bus and taxi drivers was investigated and compared. Subjects were included 300 professional drivers aged 25-55 years (mean±SD=41.24±8.28 for bus drivers and 41.22±8.09 for taxi drivers) who were divided into two groups (150 bus drivers and 150 taxi drivers). The method of sampling was simple . The inclusion criteria were: two years’ experience in professional driving and driving for eight hours or two four-hours a day for four days a week. Shoulder, arm, and hand disability were assessed based on DASH and a demographic questionnaire. DASH questionnaire asks about individual’s symptoms (such as pain severity during sleep or activity, weakness, and stiffness) as well as their ability to perform certain activities (individuals’ problem in daily activities and also social and occupational activities). Statistical analysis was performed by SPSS 21, t-test, Chi-square, and Spearman correlation tests.
Results According to statistical findings, 33.66% of taxi drivers and 33.67% of bus drivers had musculoskeletal disorders of the shoulder, arm, and hand. In bus drivers, 46.66%, 48.66% and 4.66% and in taxi drivers 47.33%, 45.33%, 6.66% had no, light, and moderate problem in daily activities, respectively and just 0.66% of taxi drivers had severe problems in these activities. In bus drivers,32.66%, 64% and 3.33% and in taxi drivers 34.66%, 60.66% and 4.66% had no, light, and moderate symptoms, respectively. In bus drivers, 36%, 40.66%, 18%, 5.33% and in taxi drivers 36%, 41.33%, 18%, 4% had no, light, moderate and severe problems in occupational and social activities, respectively and just 0.66% of taxi drivers were unable to perform these activities. There was a correlation between work hours per week (r=0.24, P=0.003) hours of sleep per day and night (r=0.24, P=0.003) and age (r=0.16, P=0.041) with musculoskeletal disorders in bus drivers. Also, there was a correlation between hours of sleep per day and night and musculoskeletal disorders in taxi drivers (r=0.19, P=0.016). There was no significant difference between disability, symptoms, and function of taxi and bus drivers (P=0.97)
Conclusion This study demonstrated increasing the sleep hours and decreasing the work hours per day and week can reduce the possibility of shoulder, arm, and hand symptoms.
Full-Text [PDF 5384 kb]   (291 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (359 Views)  
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Physical Therapy
Received: 3/08/2017 | Accepted: 20/12/2017 | Published: 1/02/2018

1. Khandan M, Ataeimanesh L, Eyni Z, Khosravi Z, Biglari H, Koohpaei A, et al. Relationship between job content and de-mographic variables with musculoskeletal disorders among nurses in a university hospital, Qom Province, 2014. Research Journal of Applied Sciences. 2016; 11(7):547-53. doi: 10.3923/rjasci.2016.547.553
2. Nunes IL. FAST ERGO_X–a tool for ergonomic auditing and work-related musculoskeletal disorders prevention. Work. 2009; 34(2):133-48. doi: 10.3233/WOR-2009-0912
3. Yektaee T, Tabatabaee Ghomshe F, Piri L. [The effect of ergonomic principles education on musculoskeletal disorders among computer users (Persian)]. Archives of Rehabilitation. 2013; 13(4):108-16.
4. Fredriksson K, Bildt C, Hägg G, Kilbom Å. The impact on musculoskeletal disorders of changing physical and psychoso-cial work environment conditions in the automobile industry. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics. 2001; 28(1):31–45. doi: 10.1016/s0169-8141(01)00011-7 [DOI:10.1016/S0169-8141(01)00011-7]
5. Matiin M, Ebrahimi II, Shater Zadeh MJ, Salavati M, Kazem-Nezhad A. [Muscale activation pattern of shoulder girdle dur-ing some routine physical therapy exercises of upper limb (Persian)]. Archives of Rehabilitation. 2010; 11(2):49-58.
6. Lei L, Dempsey PG, Xu J, Ge L, Liang Y. Risk factors for the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among chinese foundry workers. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics. 2005; 35(3):197–204. doi: 10.1016/j.ergon.2004.08.007 [DOI:10.1016/j.ergon.2004.08.007]
7. K Abledu J. Multiple logistic regression analysis of predictors of musculoskeletal disorder and disability among bank workers in Kumasi. Journal of Ergonomics. 2012; 2(4):111-5. doi: 10.4172/2165-7556.1000111 [DOI:10.4172/2165-7556.1000111]
8. Azari GR, Davuian Talab AH. [Comparison of burnout and musculoskeletal disorders among computer users and office workers (Persian)]. Archives of Rehabilitation. 2012; 12:38-46.
9. Khandan M, Eyni Z, Manesh LA, Khosravi Z, Biglari H, Koohpaei A. Relationship between musculoskeletal disorders and job performance among nurses and nursing aides in main educational hospital in qom province, 2014. Research Journal of Medical Sciences. 2016; 10(4):307-12.
10. Omidianidost A, Hosseini S, Jabari M, Poursadeghiyan M, Dabirian M, Charganeh S, Yarmohammadi H. The relationship between individual, occupational factors and LBP (Low Back Pain) in one of the auto parts manufacturing workshops of Tehran in 2015. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. 2016; 11(5):1074-7.
11. Poursadeghiyan M, Tabar A. Comparing the posture assessments based on RULA and QEC methods in a carpentry work-shop. Research Journal of Medical Sciences. 2016; 10(3):80-3.
12. Abledu JK, Offei EB, Abledu GK. Predictors of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among commercial minibus driv-ers in Accra Metropolis, Ghana. Advances in Epidemiology. 2014; 2014:1–5. doi: 10.1155/2014/384279 [DOI:10.1155/2014/384279]
13. Abledu JK, Offei EB, Abledu GK. Occupational and personal determinants of musculoskeletal disorders among urban taxi drivers in Ghana. International Scholarly Research Notices. 2014; 2014:1–5. doi: 10.1155/2014/517259 [DOI:10.1155/2014/517259]
14. Albert WJ, Everson D, Rae M, Callaghan JP, Croll J, Kuruganti U. Biomechanical and ergonomic assessment of urban transit operators. Work. 2014; 47(1):33-44. doi: 10.3233/WOR-131683
15. Alperovitch Najenson D, Santo Y, Masharawi Y, Katz Leurer M, Ushvaev D, Kalichman L. Low back pain among profes-sional bus drivers: ergonomic and occupational-psychosocial risk factors. Israel Medical Association Journal. 2010; 12(1):26-31. PMID: 20450125 [PMID]
16. Bovenzi M, Rui F, Negro C, D'Agostin F, Angotzi G, Bianchi S, et al. An epidemiological study of low back pain in profes-sional drivers. Journal of Sound and Vibration. 2006; 298(3):514–39. doi: 10.1016/j.jsv.2006.06.001 [DOI:10.1016/j.jsv.2006.06.001]
17. Magnusson ML, Pope MH, Wilder DG, Areskoug B. Are occupational drivers at an increased risk for developing musculo-skeletal disorders. Spine. 1996; 21(6):710–7. doi: 10.1097/00007632-199603150-00010 [DOI:10.1097/00007632-199603150-00010]
18. Robb MJM, Mansfield NJ. Self-reported musculoskeletal problems amongst professional truck drivers. Ergonomics. 2007; 50(6):814–27. doi: 10.1080/00140130701220341 [DOI:10.1080/00140130701220341]
19. Madhan Chandran SY. Are bus drivers at an increased risk for developing musculoskeletal disorders? An Ergonomic Risk Assessment Study. Journal of Ergonomics. 2015; s3. doi: 10.4172/2165-7556.s3-011 [DOI:10.4172/2165-7556.S3-011]
20. Mazloumi A, Mohammadreze F. Ergonomic evaluation of interior design of Shoka vehicle and proposing recommenda-tions for improvement. Work. 2012; 41(Supplement 1):1477-85. doi: 10.3233/WOR-2012-0341-1477
21. Anderson R. The back pain of bus drivers. Spine. 1992; 17(12):1481–8. doi: 10.1097/00007632-199212000-00007 [DOI:10.1097/00007632-199212000-00007]
22. Backman AL, Jarvinen E. Turnover of professional drivers. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health. 1983; 9(1):36–41. doi: 10.5271/sjweh.2445 [DOI:10.5271/sjweh.2445]
23. Feickert D, Forrester K. Stress factors in urban public transport work. Paper presented at Conference on the Working En-vironment in Urban Public Transport. 12 January 1983, Stockholm, Sweden.
24. Kompier MAJ. Work and health of city bus drivers. Delf: Eburon; 1988.
25. Kompier MA, Di Martino V. Review of bus drivers' occupational stress and stress prevention. Stress and Health. 1995; 11(1):253-62. doi: 10.1002/smi.2460110141 [DOI:10.1002/smi.2460110141]
26. Chen JC, Chang WR, Chang W, Christiani D. Occupational factors associated with low back pain in urban taxi drivers. Occupational Medicine. 2005; 55(7):535–40. doi: 10.1093/occmed/kqi125 [DOI:10.1093/occmed/kqi125]
27. Yazdani F, Dehkordi F. Occupational therapy intervention in combination flexor tendon and peripheral nerve injury 10 patients with disabilities of arm, shoulder and hand. Iranian Rehabilitation Journal. 2013; 11:21-6.
28. Abdollahi I, Mohseni Bandpei M, Firoozi S. [The prevalence of upper extremity disorders in physiotherapists of Tehran City (Persian)]. Archives of Rehabilitation. 2012; 12(4):47-53.
29. Khandan M, Maghsoudipour M, Vosoughi S. Ergonomic behavioral and workers' safety perception in Khuzestan Petro-chemical Company. Iranian Rehabilitation Journal. 2012; 10:26-30.
30. Mousavi SJ, Parnianpour M, Abedi M, Askary Ashtiani A, Karimi A, Khorsandi A, et al. Cultural adaptation and validation of the Persian version of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) outcome measure. Clinical Rehabilita-tion . 2008; 22(8):749–57. doi: 10.1177/0269215508085821 [DOI:10.1177/0269215508085821]
31. Obelenis V, Gedgaudienė D, Vasilavičius P. Working conditions and health of the employees of public bus and trolleybus transport in Lithuania. Medicina. 2003; 39(11):1103-9.
32. Sadeghi N, Habibi E. The survey of relation between Musculoskeletal Disorders and Anthropometric Indices in the bus drivers in Isfahan. Iran Occupational Health. 2009; 6(1):6-14.
33. Szeto GPY, Lam P. Work-related musculoskeletal disorders in urban bus drivers of Hong Kong. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation. 2007; 17(2):181–98. doi: 10.1007/s10926-007-9070-7 [DOI:10.1007/s10926-007-9070-7]
34. Raanaas RK, Anderson D. A questionnaire survey of Norwegian taxi drivers' musculoskeletal health, and work-related risk factors. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics. 2008; 38(3-4):280–90. doi: 10.1016/j.ergon.2007.10.017 [DOI:10.1016/j.ergon.2007.10.017]
35. Ziaei M, Izadpanah S, Sharafi K, Barzegar Shangol A. Prevalence and risk factors of musculoskeletal disorders in inside and outside-city taxi drivers Andisheh city, 2011. Razi Journal of Medical Sciences. 2014; 21(118):41-50.
36. Bulduk EÖ, Bulduk S, Süren T, Ovalı F. Assessing exposure to risk factors for work-related musculoskeletal disorders using Quick Exposure Check (QEC) in taxi drivers. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics. 2014; 44(6):817–20. doi: 10.1016/j.ergon.2014.10.002 [DOI:10.1016/j.ergon.2014.10.002]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
Write the security code in the box

Send email to the article author

© 2018 All Rights Reserved | Archives of Rehabilitation

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb