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Rahimi S A S, Ghorbani N, Rafiei H, Farhoudian A, Soleymani-nia L, Massah O. Prediction of Substance Use among College Students Based Upon Personality Traits. Archives of Rehabilitation. 2014; 14 (S1) :67-74
URL: http://rehabilitationj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-1423-en.html

1- M.Sc. of Psychology Tehran University
2- Academic amember of Psychology Faculty Tehran University
3- Assistant Professor University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences
4- Assistant Professor of Centre of Substance Abuse and Drug Dependency researches University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences
5- M.Sc. of Clinical Psychology University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences
6- Physician, Addiction Therapist & Researcher, Substance Abuse and Dependency Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , omchomch@gmail.com
Abstract:   (9756 Views)

Objective: This study was designed to examine the relationship between personality traits and substance use among college students in Tehran.

Materials & Methods: This was a correlational prediction study. Subjects were 914 bachelors or masters students with a mean age of 23.13 years, selected from one of Tehran’s universities through cluster sampling. The ‘Big Five Inventory’ (Goldberg, 1999) and risk behaviors questionnaire (National College Health Risk Behavior Survey, 2007) were used to collect data. The criterion or dependent variable was ‘substance use’ and ‘personality traits’ was the predictor or independent variable. Data was analyzed through multiple regression analysis.

Results: Substance use had a positive correlation with ‘Agreeableness’ and ‘Openness’ and a negative correlation with ‘Extraversion’, ‘Consciousness’ and ‘Emotional Stability’. ‘Consciousness’, ‘Agreeableness’, ‘Emotional Stability’ and ‘Openness’ were important variables in prediction of substance use. This regression model can explain 30% of the total variance of substance use score.

Conclusion: Results of this research indicate that personality variables are determinant factors of substance use. Likewise, with the possibility of prediction of substance use based upon personality traits, we can identify at risk individuals and focus on preventive interventions.

Full-Text [PDF 480 kb]   (686 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Addiction
Received: 18/12/2013 | Accepted: 23/02/2014 | Published: 7/03/2014

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