Volume 12, Issue 2 (Summer 2011)                   Vol. , No. , Season & Year , Serial No. | Back to browse issues page

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Nik-Farjam M, Forouzandeh N, Parvin N. Dental Health Status of Schizophrenic Patients in the Chronic Psychiatric Care Center in the Province of Chaharmahal va Bakhtiyary. jrehab. 2011; 12 (2) :14-19
URL: http://rehabilitationj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-343-en.html
1- Faculty of Medicine, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Iran.
2- Nursing & Midwifery Faculty, Medical Sciences University of Shahrekord, Shahrekord, Iran. , nas_for @ yahoo.com
3- Nursing & Midwifery Faculty, Medical Sciences University of Shahrekord
Abstract:   (9631 Views)

Objective: Schizophrenia is a chronic disease . Schizophrenic patients are unable in personal fuction and self care such as dental health. Especially, side effects of anti– psych otic drugs cause some dental problems in the patient . Also dental problems may lead to some disease , so it is necessary to play full attention to dental health condition in schizophrenic patients. The aim of study was assessing the dental health status of schizophrenic patients confined in chronic psychiatric care center on Chaharmahal & Bakhtiyari.

Materials & Methods: This survey is an analytical descriptive and cross-sectional study, 123 schizophrenic patients are assessed in 2008. The data was collected through interview, (using the Scale for the assessment of positive and negative symptom (SAPS and SANS), Decayed, Missed, Filled Teeth index (DMFT, Gingival index) and demographic questionnaire. Quantities analysis of data was undertaken by using X 2, Man vetney test and Pearson r test .

Results: The mean of DMFT was 19.43±7.71. There was a significant correlation between age, smoking history and cigarettes per day, oral hygiene condition and other negative symptoms and average DMFT (P&le0.05). Also there was a significant correlation between the severity of periodentitis and sex, history of smoking, number of smoked cigarettes per day, previous hospital admission and average of negative and positive symptoms. No significant correlation between the severity of periodentitis and mean DMFT (P&le0.05) was seen.

Conclusion: Results of the study demonstrated that dental health of people with schizophrenia is poor.

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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Psychiatry
Received: 12/09/2009 | Accepted: 21/12/2013 | Published: 21/12/2013

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