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Abstract:   (111 Views)
Objective: Mothers of children who have cerebral palsy are susceptible to emotional distresses like stress, anxiety, and depression which can lead to emotional schemas like rumination, not expressing emotions, lack of values and feeling guilty. These negative beliefs about emotions cause ineffective thoughts and habits of inappropriate behavior patterns that affect the mental health of mothers. In this case, interventions such as mindfulness education can be effective by adjusting attention, developing metacognitive awareness, decentralizing and accepting their mental contents in reducing their maladaptive emotional schemas. This study aims to study the efficacy of mindfulness training in decreasing emotional schemas (rumination, not expressing emotions, lack of values and feeling guilty) in mothers with children who have cerebral palsy.
Materials & Methods: Present study is a quasi-experiment and it used pre-tests and post-tests in control and experimental groups. Statistical population consists of all the mothers with children who have cerebral palsy who visited the rehabilitation center of Mashhad city. Sample consisted of 20 volunteers and based on the results of their pretest and criterions were selected and randomly put into control and experimental groups. Criteria for entering the session included: having at least a cycle education to do better teaching assignments and having a child with cerebral palsy whose severity of disorder was moderate or severe on the basis of a doctor's diagnosis. Instrument used was Leahy Emotional Schemas scale (LESS) and it was answered by mothers in control and experimental groups before the intervention. Participants in the experimental group received Mindfulness Awareness in a group, in eight sessions of 90 minutes for two months and the control group didn’t receive any treatment.
Results: The data was analyzed through analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) and t-test. Findings indicate that mindfulness training for mothers in the experimental group leads to decrease in schemas like rumination (P<0/05; t= 2/57), not expressing emotions (P<0/05; t= 8/87) and feeling guilty (P<0/05; t= 2/4), but it doesn’t have a significant effect on lack of values (P>0/05; F=2/73).
Conclusion: Results of the study show that mindfulness can improve emotional schemas in mothers who have children with cerebral palsy through raising awareness and concentration as an effective training. Mindfulness education provides a model for reducing rumination and educates mothers to be aware of their mood fluctuations and to use mind-alert techniques to understand the information processing that thinks emotions are continued. Increasing calm and consciousness along with a kind-hearted behavior creates curiosity and satisfaction in the present, resulting in decreased rumination. The higher values ​​in mothers are unchangeable beliefs, which are function of culture and are unique to each individual. Therefore, the resistance derived from beliefs as a result of the education of mindfulness has a negative effect on the concept of higher-value inferiority. In sitting meditation, one can allow himself Expressing excitement with mercilessness and curiosity, then conscious of the gesture and state of the face and adapting it to its current state, then expressing its emotions and physical feelings without suppression and change. Feeling self-compassion in the mind of consciousness accepts the suffering of sin as part of life and leads to motivating the individual to reduce pain and suffering and feelings of guilt.
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Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Rehabilitation
Received: 9/05/2018 | Accepted: 5/01/2019

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