Volume 11, Issue 4 (Winter 2011)                   jrehab 2011, 11(4): 19-27 | Back to browse issues page

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Abdollah-Zadeh Rafi M, Bahrami H, Mirzamani S M, Salehi M, Hasan-Zadeh-Avval M. Development of Theory of Mind in Mentally Retarded Students and its Relation with the Number of the Siblings. jrehab 2011; 11 (4) :19-27
URL: http://rehabilitationj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-283-en.html
1- University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , rafi.mehdi@gmali.com
2- University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran
3- Islamic Azad University, Islamshahr Branch
4- Faculty of Management and Medical Informations, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (14410 Views)

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate development of the theory of mind (TOM) of mentally retarded students and its relationship with the number of siblings.
Materials & Methods: This descriptive study was in correlation determination type, the total number of 8-14 years old mentally retarded students (59 people) who were studying in 1st to 5th degree of primary school in Mee’aad education center of Torbat-e Heidarieh (the only male education center of Torbat-e Heidarieh) in academic year 2008-09 participated. To collect data of theory of mind (TOM) Unexpected-content task and 38-item test of theory of mind were used. In order to analyze data, ANOVA, Scheffe, Pearson correlation coefficient and Chi- square were carried out.
Results: The first and second level of the evolution theory of mind of the mentally retarded students ascending to 12 years (P<0.001) and then fixed (P=0.87). But that theory of mind development which was measured by Unexpected-content task, was ascending (P=0.02). Also, the number of siblings was not statistically significantly correlated with theory of mind development of mentally retarded students (P=0.52).
Conclusion: Theory of mind development of mental retarded students varies based on that type of task being used to assess. In total, the claim of Theory-Theory approach, that says theory of mind development is on the basis of necessary processes, could be accepted. Also those theories which are based on cultural-social approaches calming that experience with other people causes development of mind understanding need to be more examined.

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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Exceptional Children Psychology
Received: 10/05/2009 | Accepted: 5/02/2014 | Published: 5/02/2014

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