Volume 22, Issue 3 (Autumn 2021)                   jrehab 2021, 22(3): 278-297 | Back to browse issues page

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Basakha M. Economic Profile of Iranian Rehabilitation Services: 2002-2017. jrehab 2021; 22 (3) :278-297
URL: http://rehabilitationj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-2727-en.html
Department of Social Welfare Management, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehra, Iran. , me.basakha@uswr.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2181 Views)
Objective: The role of the service sector in general and healthcare services in particular have been promoting in Iran’s economy. The implementation of the Health System Transformation Plan and the injection of new financial resources into this sector have raised concerns about the health system function. Thus, this is the first attempt to estimate and evaluate the share of rehabilitation services in the Iranian economic and health systems.
Materials & Methods: The study utilized longitudinal trend analysis using the National Health Accounts data during 2002-2015. National Health Accounts, through input-output tables, breaks down the share of different sources of financing for different functions of the health system. According to this method, both the share of rehabilitation services in Iran’s economy and the financing sources of these activities have been calculated and compared to other countries. Data on Iran's National Health Accounts has been collected from the Statistical Center of Iran. International data is collected from the World Health Organization's National Health Accounts and the databases of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development member countries.
Results: Expenditures related to rehabilitation services in Iran increased from 884 billion rials in 2002 to more than 2967 billion rials in 1396, equivalent to 0.02% of Iran's GDP in that year. The share of rehabilitation expenditures in total health expenditures in 2007 was at its highest level (0.3%). In the following years, it has always had a decreasing trend. In 1396 it reached about 22.0%, the lowest amount during 16 Last year. Comparing the economic share of rehabilitation of the country's economic activities with different countries shows that the position of this sector is in no way comparable to developed countries and is even lower than many developing countries. Tunisia, Tonga, and Moldova have a similar situation to Iran's economy, with rehabilitation services accounting for about 0.05 to 0.1 percent of their total economic activity. Comparison of the prevalence of disability in these countries with Iran shows that these countries had a lower prevalence than Iran. Examination of the share of various sources shows that out-of-pocket payments with households with 6.37 percent, the most, and the government with 7.18 percent had the least role in financing rehabilitation services. It is noteworthy that this figure was about 65% before implementing the health system transformation plan. Social insurance in 2017 also covered only 6.24% of rehabilitation costs.
Conclusion: Inaccessibility of people with disabilities to healthcare services is a very serious issue in the world. The rehabilitation services expenditures have always been mentioned as one of the most important barriers of accessing to these services. Following the implementation of the Health Transformation Plan, the share of rehabilitation activities in Iran’s health market has been shrunk. 
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Rehabilitation
Received: 4/12/2019 | Accepted: 8/11/2020 | Published: 1/10/2021

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