Volume 14, Issue 3 (Autumn 2013)                   jrehab 2013, 14(3): 16-24 | Back to browse issues page

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Daneshmandi H, Barati A H, Ahmadi R. The Effect of Core Stabilization Training Program on the Balance of Mentally Retarded Educable Students. jrehab 2013; 14 (3) :16-24
URL: http://rehabilitationj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-1208-en.html
1- Associate Professor of University of Guilan, Iran. , daneshmandi_ph@yahoo.com
2- shahid rajaeeuniversity
3- giulan university
Abstract:   (16121 Views)

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of core stabilization training program on the balance of mentally retarded educable students.

Materials & Methods: The research was use Application of Quasi-experimental design with pretest and posttest control group. Our subjects included 31 students boys mentally retarded in the two groups (control, 14 patients with a mean age of 11.07±3.02years, height 152±7.86cm, weight 44.07 ± 8.08kg) and (17experimental group with a mean age 11.23 ± 1.95years, height 147±7.07cm, weighing 38.11±4.85kg) of the sample selected. Demographic data includes: height, weight and medical records and also the IQ of them were collected. The training program of experimental group that for 6 weeks, 3 times a week in the first three weeks experimental group performed exercise the 2 sets with 5 repetitions and three the second week of 2 sets with 10 repetitions and for evaluate used the dynamic balance Y test. For analysis data used the paired T test and independent test.

Results: Results showed significant differences in mean posterior-lateral and posterior-medial in the experimental group in post-test (P&le0.05).

Conclusion: People with mental retardation compared with normal people have problems with delays in motor development that seems to cause deficit in the balance. Due to the lack of balance in the people with mental retarded and the importance of balance in daily activities and the effects of core stability training on the balance was showed this training improve balance in these individuals, on base of the results of this research the core stability exercises can be performed for mental retarded by coaches and teachers.

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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Physical Medicine
Received: 21/11/2012 | Accepted: 20/05/2013 | Published: 13/01/2014

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