Volume 13, Issue 2 (Summer 2012)                   Vol. , No. , Season & Year , Serial No. | Back to browse issues page

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Akhbari B, Mohammadi-Raad S, Salavati M. The Fear of Movement/Pain in Musculoskeletal Pain-A Review. jrehab. 2012; 13 (2) :84-92
URL: http://rehabilitationj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-807-en.html
1- University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , akhbari@uswr.ac.ir
2- University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences
Abstract:   (8824 Views)

Objective: To investigate and review psychological influences of pain such as kinesiophobia and pain-related fear on patients with musculoskeletal pain and on rehabilitation outcomes.

Materials & Methods: Fear is a universal and powerful emotion and, as a result, it can have a profound impact on human behavior. the fear-motivated behavior has the potential to adversely impact rehabilitation outcomes for patients with musculoskeletal pain. cross-sectional studies consistently documented a positive association between elevated pain-related fear and increased pain intensity and disability. in addition, several longitudinal studies indicated that elevated pain-related fear is a precursor to poor clinical outcomes. existence of catastrophizing in patients effect on the fear of movement/ (re)injury. this fear contributes to avoidance behaviors and subsequent disuse, depression, and disability. it has been established that kinesiophobia plays a negative role in the outcome of the rehabilitation of acute and chronic low back pain, chronic fatigue syndrome and fibromyalgia syndrome.

Results: The recent studies suggest that physical therapists should consider the role of pain-related fear and avoidance behaviors in patients' function and they should assess these cognitive and behavioral factors. or (physical therapists should assess pain-related fear when rehabilitating certain individuals with musculoskeletal pain. ) currently, there is a lot of evidence for the assessment of pain-related fear in patients with musculoskeletal pain. self-report questionnaires are readily available for assessment and investigation of pain-related fear and several studies have found support for their validity and reliability. recent research indicated that besides fear-avoidance responses, endurance-related responses lead to chronic pain via physical overload. the existence of mental kinesiophobia has been established in patients with chronic stress complaints, and this concept is as relevant as the concept of kinesiophobia for back pain patients. For certain patients, fear of pain can be as disabling as pain itself.

Conclusion: Collaborative efforts are necessary to refine current screening techniques and develop interventions that effectively reduce pain-related fear.

Full-Text [PDF 286 kb]   (1299 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review | Subject: Physical Therapy
Received: 24/04/2011 | Accepted: 10/03/2013 | Published: 10/03/2013

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