Volume 14 - Special Issue: Pediatric Neurorehabilitation                   Vol. , No. , Season & Year , Serial No. | Back to browse issues page

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1- University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences
2- University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences, pediatric neurorehabilitation research center, Tehran, Iran. , mpmrtajrishi@gmail.com
Abstract:   (6290 Views)

Objective: One of the problems of children with Down syndrome is their low performance on retention of information and its recall in the memory. The present study aimed to determine the efficacy of rehearsal strategy on auditory short-term memory of educable 5 to 8 years old children with Down syndrome.

Materials & Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 24 children (14 boys and 10 girls) were selected in convenience from Iranian Down Syndrome Charity Association and evaluated by Raven’s Intelligence Progressive Matrices. Then, children were assigned into two experimental and control groups randomly (each contained 12 individuals). Experimental group participated in 8 group sessions (two sessions per week, each lasting 30 minutes) and trained by rehearsal strategy. All subjects were evaluated by Expressive-Auditory Memory Sequence Test before and after intervention sessions. Data were analyzed by multiple analysis of covariance. 

Results: The results of analysis of covariance showed that rehearsal strategy have led to increase of digit span, word span and auditory short-term memory (P<0.01) in experimental group compared to control group.

Conclusion: It can be concluded that rehearsal strategy training is an effective method on promotion of digit span, word span and auditory short-term memory of children with Down syndrome and implies important consequences for their education.

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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Exceptional Children Psychology
Received: 26/10/2013 | Accepted: 2/03/2014 | Published: 17/03/2014