Volume 23, Issue 2 (Summer 2022)                   jrehab 2022, 23(2): 204-217 | Back to browse issues page


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Akhavan-Boroujeni B, Sadeghi-Demneh E. The Effectiveness of Two Types of Night Splints on the Range of Motion of the Ankle Joint, Pain Intensity, and Quality of Life (QoL) in Patients With Plantar Fasciitis: A Pilot Study With Parallel Groups. jrehab 2022; 23 (2) :204-217
URL: http://rehabilitationj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-2903-en.html
1- Student Research Committee, Department of Orthotics and Prosthetics, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.
2- Musculoskeletal Research Center, Department of Orthotics and Prosthetics, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran. , ebrahimsadeghi2000@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (696 Views)
Objective Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of heel pain. The night splints are used to prevent nocturnal contractures happening in the calf muscles and plantar fascia. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of using a tension night splint for calf and plantar fascia on the range of motion of foot and ankle complex, pain severity, and quality of life. 
Materials & Methods 30 people (27 female) with plantar fasciitis volunteered in a parallel-group clinical study. Participants were allocated to three study groups: a tension calf splint, a tension plantar fascia splint, and a control group (heel pad). The study outcomes were the range of motion of foot and ankle complex, pain severity, and quality of life measured with a goniometer, visual analog scale, and 36-Item Short Form Survey (SF-36) questionnaire, respectively. The post-session was four weeks after participants received their interventions. The analysis of covariance statistical test was used to analyze the within and between-group differences. 
Results The analysis of covariance test showed statistically significant differences for pain (F=9.35, P=0.001, η2=0.44) and extension of the first metatarsophalangeal (F=4.76, P=0.017, η2=0.27). There was no statistically significant difference in the quality of life and the ankle dorsiflexion range between groups (P>0.05). The Bonferroni post-hoc showed a significant reduction of the reported pain post-session in all study groups (P<0.05). The calf tension splint caused a greater extension of the first metatarsophalangeal post-session (P=0.02).
Conclusion All three orthoses used in this study significantly reduced pain in people with plantar fasciitis. The results also suggest that a tension calf splint has greater effectiveness in improving pain severity and soft tissue flexibility than a tension fascia splint.
 
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Orthotics & Prosthetics
Received: 3/05/2021 | Accepted: 25/10/2021 | Published: 12/07/2022

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