Volume 14, Issue 4 (Winter 2014)                   Vol. , No. , Season & Year , Serial No. | Back to browse issues page

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Mohammadi Z, Nodehi-Moghaddam A, Mosalla-Nezhad Z, A'rablou A M, Nourbakhsh M R, Bakhshi E. The Effects of Active Trigger Point of Upper Trapezius Muscle on Its Electromyography Activity and Maximal Isometric Contraction Force during Scapular Plane Elevation (Scaption). jrehab. 2014; 14 (4) :125-131
URL: http://rehabilitationj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-1276-en.html
2- University of Welfare & Rehabilitation Siences, Tehran, Iran. , zmosallanezhad@yahoo.com
3- State University of Georgia
Abstract:   (8508 Views)

Objective: Trigger points may result in referral pain of their close areas. Recent evidence suggests that latent trigger points although they are not sensitive enough to cause pain, can interfere with the normal muscle function. These myofascial trigger points are estimated as an electro-physiological phenomenon. However, there are a few studies which investigated the effect of these points on the muscle activity. Muscle activity is a determinant factor in injuries which may cause or worsen shoulder-neck pain. The aim of the study was to evaluate upper trapezius muscle activity and delay time at the presence of active trigger point during scapular plane elevation (scaption).

Materials & Methods: In a case-control comparative study in spring 2012, Seventeen women with active trigger points (mean age 26.76 y) and 17 healthy women (mean age 26.18 y) in bio-mechanic laboratory of University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation sciences (USWR) participated in the study. Using surface EMG, the amplitude of muscle activity and the onset time of upper trapezius during scaption, were recorded and analyzed.

Results: The maximum amplitude of the upper trapezius muscle activity (during maximal voluntary isometric contraction of 90°scaption) in patients showed significant decrease in comparison with the healthy subjects (P=0.01).Also, the onset time of upper trapezius muscle activation time in the patient group was significantly delayed in comparison to the healthy group (P=0.04).

Conclusion: At the presence of trigger points in Upper trapezius muscle, muscle activation pattern changes trigger points can change the amplitude and timing of muscle activity and may consequently lead to abnormal patterns of motion of the shoulder girdle. These findings can be used in the prevention and treatment of shoulder disorders.

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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Physical Therapy
Received: 12/04/2013 | Accepted: 15/10/2013 | Published: 15/06/2014

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