Volume 12, Number 1 (Spring 2011)                   Vol. , No. , Season & Year , Serial No. | Back to browse issues page


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Mamaghanieh M, Pour-Etemad H R, Ahmadi F, Khoushabi K. The Effectiveness of Picture Exchange Communication System on Behavioral Problems of Children with Autism. Archives of Rehabilitation. 2011; 12 (1) :19-26
URL: http://rehabilitationj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-875-en.html

1- MSc. Rehabilitation & Treatment Center, Tehran, Iran.
2- Ph.D. of Psychology Rehabilitation & Treatment Center, Shahid Beheshti University , h.pouretemad@yahoo.com
3- M.Sc. of Psychology
4- Pediatric Psychiatrist, Associate Professor University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences
Abstract:   (10867 Views)

Objective: Autism is one the most disturbing neurodevelopmental disorders associated with variety behavioral problems including communication deficits. The present study is aimed to examine the effectiveness of the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) on behavioral problems of autistic children.

Materials & Methods: This study follows a quasi- experimental single subject A-B design. Four boys with autism (aged between 3-7 years) were selected from the Center for the Treatment of Autistic Disorders, Tehran. They were received PECS training for duration of four months (42 session), three sessions per week. Direct observation assessment and Autism Treatment Evaluation Checklist were applied 6 times during the course of the study.

Results: Separate set of analysis of the data reveled a positive effects of PECS on reduction of behavioral problems in three children, although, some differences were identified between them.

Conclusion: Enhanced ability to communicate by PECS, would effectively reduce behavioral problems of children with Autism

Full-Text [PDF 1127 kb]   (1206 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Pediatric Psychiatry
Received: 10/08/2011 | Accepted: 24/12/2013 | Published: 24/12/2013

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