Volume 3, Number 1 and 2 (Spring & Summer 2002)                   Vol. , No. , Season & Year , Serial No. | Back to browse issues page


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Mousavi N. Review: The Summery of Studies Achievements on Aging Cell-Mdiated Immunity System by Cell Proliferation Tests. Archives of Rehabilitation. 2002; 3 (1 and 2) :48-53
URL: http://rehabilitationj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-562-en.html

Lecturer University of Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (4387 Views)

One of the first identified age-associated functional changes in immune response was decreased DTH responses. In fact the DTH response is an example of a T.h response mediated primarily through th-1-type cytokines although many events are required before proliferation, assessment of lymphocyte proliferation often has been used as an indicator of the cell-mediated immune potential of on individual. Therefore, many studies have utilized the proliferative response to assess age-associated changes in T-cell response. A decreased ability of PEMCs to proliferate in response to T-cell stimuli is among the most consistent age-associated of the immune system. It has been reported that 40 percent of individuals over age 70 demonstrate decreased reactivity to Askin test panel regardless of their overall health status. A decreased DTH response can result from change in the initial activation of T cells. A shift in cytokine production by the activated cells, or altered reactivity by macrophages. Also, multiple age-associated changes have been observed in vitro. (Respond to antigens: Dinitrochlorobenzen. streptokinase or streptodomase) including decreased proliferative responses, modified activation signals and altered cytokine production protiles. In addition numerous studies over the last two decades have examined whether phenotypic changes in the T-cell compartment accompany human aging and it is generally accepted that healthy aging is accompanied by a slight decrease in circulating lymphocytes, number of total T cells. In end, aging is accompanied by many modifications of immune reactivity, with the most significant changes being observed in the T-cell compartment. Therefore, these changes merit close attention by health care professionals.

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Type of Study: Review | Subject: General
Received: 11/08/2010 | Accepted: 18/10/2015 | Published: 18/10/2015

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