Volume 7, Issue 3 (Autumn 2006)                   Vol. , No. , Season & Year , Serial No. | Back to browse issues page

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1- Department of Nursing, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran. , E-mail: vanakiz@modares.ac.ir
Abstract:   (14245 Views)

Objective: Giving birth and training to a child with Mental Retardation (MR) can be stressful for mothers. Therefore mothers need role models and adequate preparation to effectively teach the child to function at optimum level within the environment. Nurses are in a strategic position to assume a vital role in a assisting these mothers. With observation, problem solving, and decision making. There is a lack of studies about motherschr('39') experiences of having a child with MR. This study was preformed to investigate motherchr('39')s experiences of having a child with MR and how explore and describe the experienced mothers with mental retarded child.

Materials & Methods: A phenomenographic approach was used. The study was preformed at an exceptional school in Tehran. Twelve mothers were interviewed using guided interviews.

Results: From 336 thematic sentences, Six categories emerged, the first having three subcategories and the second having twenty subcategories., the third having three, the fourth category having six, the fifth having two, and the sixth having two subcategories. Motherchr('39')s experiences of having a child with MR, describes informants a variety of feelings, often ambivalent (acceptance and UN acceptance). In such a situation, attention to God and prayer are the most important coping strategies for positive adaptation in motherschr('39') experiences of having a child with MR, but this perception can not effect to accept him alone. They emphasis on educational and psychological needs for better life.

Conclusions: The findings of this study could be used in mothers education to promote understanding of mothers’ experiences and how best to help them. They could also be used in the general media to improve public understanding.

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Type of Study: Original | Subject: General
Received: 4/08/2007 | Accepted: 11/10/2015 | Published: 11/10/2015