Volume 10, Number 1 (Spring 2009)                   Vol. , No. , Season & Year , Serial No. | Back to browse issues page


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Nikou M R, Nikbakht H, Gaeini A A, Sha'bani R. Review: Endurance and Resistance Exercises Effects on Patients with Cardiovascular Diseases. Archives of Rehabilitation. 2009; 10 (1)
URL: http://rehabilitationj.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-314-en.html

1- Assistant Professor University of Welfare & Rehabilitation Siences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (14583 Views)

The purpose of this review article is to provide scientific evidence how resistance training and aerobic exercise are key constituents of health, fitness and longevity, and bring to realization that including both of them in our physical activity programs allows patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) to increase their exercise capacity. To date cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although genetic factors and age are important in determining the risk, other factors, including hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, insulin resistance, diabetes, and lifestyle factors such as smoking and diet are also major risk factors associated with the disease.

Researches show that cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is effective in reducing mortality risk after myocardial infarction (MI), and variety of exercise prescriptions can improve O2 peak, and possibly improve the quality of life of patients with CVD. Peak aerobic power (O2 peak), muscle strength, quality of life (QOL) and physical activity have been reduced in patient with coronary artery disease (CAD) that lead to a high prevalence CVD risk factors. These abnormalities increase with age too. Exercise interventions that can improve O2peak, muscle strength, and may also result in an improvement in QOL. In conclusion, it is now widely acknowledged that exercise training is an important component of the management of CVD that can improve functional capacity, quality of life, and prognosis.

Full-Text [PDF 188 kb]   (1742 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: General
Received: 11/07/2009 | Accepted: 13/10/2015 | Published: 13/10/2015

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